Windows is the title given to the numerous variations of a working system created, developed, sold, and marketed by Microsoft. The very first version of Windows was released in November 1985 as a graphical operating system shell in response to a growing fascination with graphic user interfaces.
As of 2016, Windows remains the most popular operating system in PCs, but the exponential increase of Android smartphones has resulted in the sharp drop of Windows in cellular devices. In 2016, Microsoft launched Windows 10 for PCs, smartphones, and tablet computers, whilst a specialized variant of Windows can be used on Microsoft’s Xbox One console.
The household of Macintosh operating systems is a graphical user interface made by Apple Inc. for special usage on its collection of Macintosh personal computers and has been set up as standard on the apparatus since 2002. Apple’s initial operating system debuted in 1984 and is currently known as classic’ Mac OS. Apple uses its present operating system, High Sierra, which includes an entirely new structure and yearly updates on all its apparatus applications including iOS, watchOS, and tvOS.
Linux was originally made for personal computers in 1991 by Finnish-American software programmer Linus Torvalds as a working system built around the complimentary and open source development and supply of applications. Linux, though less popular on personal or handheld devices in the consumer marketplace, is the major operating system used on servers and mainframe computers, even using a 99.6% market share of the Top500 supercomputers.
Designed to be used on touchscreen mobile devices like tablets and smartphones, Android is a portable operating platform made entirely by Android Inc., which Google purchased in 2005. The user-interface functions on the principle of direct manipulation also transform signature gestures which correspond with actual-world activities, like swiping, tapping, and pinching, to maneuver onscreen objects.
Previously called iPhone OS, iOS is a portable operating system made by Apple Inc. exclusively because of its handheld and mobile devices including iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. Boasting a whole global download of 130 billion, Apple’s App Store is composed of over 2.2 million iOS software, and important variations of iOS applications are published yearly.